The Serengeti is one of Africa’s renowned and captivating wildlife viewing area, the variety of habitat included in its pristine ecosystem guarantees a versatile safari filled with excitement and feelings of Africa authenticity. Year round, the Serengeti encompasses the highest wildlife census of all national parks including both residents and migratory animals. It is also home to the great migration, which entails the annual journeys of grazers such as the wildebeest, zebra, and gazelles as the relocate for green pasture. The word Serengeti derived from the Maasai word which translates the place where the land runs on forever-a most fitting description for this beautiful, unique park in Northern Tanzania, at 147635 km (5700 Sq miles) the Serengeti National Park is a home to the high density of large predators, and a host of the indisputably most impressive natural event the annual migration.
The seasonal and the annual migration are what make the Serengeti such a terrible location for a game drive through the year and its distinct seasonal changes that shape the migrations pattern. From late November to December the migrating herds arrive on the short grass plain of the eastern and south of Seronera which also extend into Ngorongoro Conservation Area, also known as the Ndutu Plains. These are the prime location to be when the calving season takes place. Large herds of wildebeest and zebra gather to give birth simultaneously and in turn triggering thrilling game hunting for the large predators. Until late February or March, the herds will remain on the plains, feeding on the fresh grass which is filled with valuable nutrition for lactating mothers. From the end of March to April the herds will start to move west as they prepare for their migration toward the north-by may until mid June the migrating herds are expected to pass through the western corridor, making the Grummet River a spectacular sighting with a small migration crossing alongside the aggressive Nile Crocodile.
The dry season begins the end of June to July and lasts entail the beginning to mid-October, where the herds will concentrate in the Northern Serengeti, making the Mara River one of the most popular destinations to see the excellent river crossing with poignant scenes, of confusion and panic among the herds attempting a successful river crossing. This marks one of the most spectacular natural events in the world. By mid to the end of October, the herds are heading back south again through western Loliondo and Lobo area, as the animals return to find the fresh green shoots on the short plain grass.
The Serengeti Eco-system
Recognized by UNESCO as a world site, the Serengeti eco-system consists of the following areas: Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Conservation, Maswa, Ikorogo and Grumeti Game Reserves, Ikona and Makao Wildlife Management Areas. Ngorongoro game controlled area village land and Kenya’s Masai Mara National Reserves. Aside from its largest herds of migrating wildlife, the ecosystem is also an important sanctuary to the continent’s most endangered species, notably the black Rhino and the African Wild dog.
When it comes to wildlife viewing the Serengeti is an unrevealed park which burst an impressive diversity and number of animals, with the highest concentration of large predators in the world with an estimate of 9,000 Hyenas, 3,000 lions 1,000 Leopards, along with the highest density of cheetah’s on the continent. The current estimated population of wildebeest here stands at a whopping 1.2 million and has more than 20,000 zebras, and about 400,000 Thomson Gazelles.